Consumption of certain foods, such as beets or asparagus can impart a characteristic odor to urine. A sputum specimen is a sample of material expelled from the respiratory passages taken for laboratory analysis to determine the presence of pathogens. Equivocal: Current recommendations state that equivocal results should be followed by supplemental Western Blot testing. ), Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene Rearrangement Studies, Immunophenotyping / MRD by Flow Cytometry, Immunophenotyping / MRD by Flow Cytometry (Peter MacCallum), Indirect Coombs Test (see >> Indirect Antiglobulin Test), Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy Genetic test (PLA2G6 gene sequencing), Infectious Mononucleosis Test (see >> IM (Infectious Mononucleosis) Screen), Infliximab Antibodies (see >> Infliximab Level (and Anti TNFa Ab)), Influenza - Virology (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), Influenza A and B (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), Inherited Cancer Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Panel, Insulin Like growth factors (see >> IGF1), Interleukin 2 receptor - soluble (soluble CD25) (see >> Soluble CD25 (Soluble IL-2 Receptor)), Interleukin 28B (see >> Hepatitis C Treatment IL28B Mutation), Inversion 16 (see >> CBF beta-MY11(Inv 16) mutation), Isoagglutinins (see >> Isohaemagglutinins - Requires Immunopathologist Approval), Isohaemagglutinins - Requires Immunopathologist Approval, Isopropanol Stability test (see >> Unstable Haemoglobin Screen), IUD for Actinomyces Culture (see >> Culture Actinomyces - IUD), Jumper Ant RAST (see >> RAST to Jumper Ant IgE), Kaletra (see >> Lopinavir (LOP) - Kaletra), Karyotype Molecular (see >> Microarray (Molecular Karyotype)), Keppra Level (see >> Levetiracetam level), Kleihauer (see >> Feto-Maternal Haemorrhage Estimation), LA (see >> Lupus Anticoagulant / Lupus Inhibitor Screen - LA), LAC (see >> Lupus Anticoagulant / Lupus Inhibitor Screen - LA), LAD Testing (see >> Leucocyte Adhesion Deficiency Testing (CD11b/CD18)), Legionella Urinary Antigen Screen (see >> Legionella Urine Antigen), Leucocyte Adhesion Deficiency Testing (CD11b/CD18), Leucocyte Count (see >> FBC (Full Blood Count, including differential)), LFT (see >> Liver Function Tests (LFT) - excludes AST), LFT - Full (see >> Full Liver Function Tests (Full LFT) - includes AST), LGV Serology (see >> Lymphogranuloma venerium (LGV)), LI (see >> Lupus Anticoagulant / Lupus Inhibitor Screen - LA), Liver Cytosol Antibodies (see >> Anti Liver Cytosol 1), Liver Function Tests - Full (Full LFT) - includes AST (see >> Full Liver Function Tests (Full LFT) - includes AST), Liver Function Tests (LFT) - excludes AST, Lupus Anticoagulant / Lupus Inhibitor Screen - LA, Lupus Inhibitor (see >> Lupus Anticoagulant / Lupus Inhibitor Screen - LA), Lymphocyte Cell Surface Markers (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), Lymphocyte Proliferation - PHA (see >> Lymphocyte Function Tests), Lymphocyte Proliferation / Stimulation - Candida (see >> Separated Lymphocyte Stimulation - Candida), Lymphocyte Proliferation / Stimulation - Tetanus (see >> Separated Lymphocyte Stimulation - Tetanus), Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T, Lymphocyte Subsets- Stem Cell Products Only, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV), Lynch syndrome genetic test (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 gene sequencing), MAG IgM - Anti-Myelin associated glycoprotein antibodies, Malaria RDT (see >> Malarial Parasite Detection), Malarial Rapid Detection and Microscopy ( thick and thin) (see >> Malarial Parasite Detection), Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) Genetic Testing, including DNA extraction, Maltase (tissue) (see >> Disaccharidases, Maltase, Sucrase, Lactase and Isomaltase), Mannose Binding Lectin (see >> Complement Function (Classical, Alternative, MBL)), Maternal Blood Group & Antibody Screen at delivery, Maternal Serum Screening - Second Trimester, MBL (see >> Complement Function (Classical, Alternative, MBL)), MCH Class II Deficiency Test (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), MCS CSF (see >> Culture CSF including microscopy), MECP2 - Mutation analysis of the MECP2 gene ( Rett syndrome), Melioidosis Serology (Berkolderia pseudomallei), Meningitis/Encephalitis Nucleic Acid Detection, MERS-Coronavirus (see >> Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)), MERS-CoV (see >> Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)), Metabolic Test - Miscellaneous not otherwise listed in EPIC, Metadrenaline Plasma (see >> Metanephrine, Plasma), Methotrexate FLUID (see >> Methotrexate, CSF), Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase mutation analysis (see >> MTHFR), MHC-II Expression (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), Microalbumin (Includes Urine Creatinine), Urine, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), Miscellaneous Genetic Test (see >> Genetic Test Miscellaneous), Mitochondrial Enzyme analysis (see >> Respiratory Chain Enzymes), Mo-1 (see >> Leucocyte Adhesion Deficiency Testing (CD11b/CD18)), MOG Antibodies (see >> Anti MOG (Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein)), Monospot (see >> IM (Infectious Mononucleosis) Screen), MRSA (see >> Bacterial screening - multiresistant organisms by culture), MRSA by culture (see >> Bacterial screening - multiresistant organisms by culture), MSST (see >> Maternal Serum Screening - 1ST TRIMESTER), MSST (see >> Maternal Serum Screening - Second Trimester), MSU (see >> Culture Urine including microscopy), Multimers (see >> von Willebrand Factor Multimers), Muscle or Nerve Biopsies for testing by The Victorian Neuromuscular Laboratory Service (VNLS), Muscle Specific Kinase Antibodies (see >> Anti MUSK & LRP4 antibodies), Musk antibodies (see >> Anti MUSK & LRP4 antibodies), Mutation and copy number analysis for BRCA1, BRCA2, STK11, PTEN, CDH1, PALB2, TP53, MUTYH associated polyposis (MYH) gene sequencing, MVE Serology (see >> Murray Valley Encephalitis Serology), Mycobacterium genus (see >> Mycobacterium genus or Atypical Mycobacteria or Pan Mycobacterial Culture), Mycobacterium genus or Atypical Mycobacteria or Pan Mycobacterial Culture, Mycobacterium genus or Atypical Mycobacteria or Pan Mycobacterial PCR, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Rifampicin Resistance Mutation PCR (GeneXpert), Mycobacterium tuberculosis Microscopy and Culture, Mycobacterium ulcerans detection Nucleic Acid detection, Mycobacterium Ulcerans: Microscopy and Culture, Mycophenolate (see >> Mycophenolic Acid - Austin), Mycophenolate Mofetil (see >> Mycophenolic Acid - Austin), Mycoplasma genitalium Nucleic Acid detection inc Macrolide Resistance, Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies (see >> Mycoplasma Serology), Mycoplasma pneumoniae Nucleic Acid detection, Myotonic Dystrophy triplet repeat test (DM1), NAIT (see >> Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia Screen (NAIT, FMAIT)), NAT testing for blood borne viruses (see >> Blood Borne Virus NAT Screen), NBT for Neutrophils (see >> Nitroblue Tetrazolium Slide Test - NBT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae Nucleic Acid Detection, Neisseria Meningitidis Nuceic Acid Detection, Neonatal Alloimmune Neutropenia Screen (NAIN; FMAIN), Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia Screen (NAIT, FMAIT), Neonatal Extended Expiry (ASBT) (see >> ASBT), Nerve or Muscle Biopsies for testing by The Victorian Neuromuscular Laboratory Service (VNLS) (see >> Muscle or Nerve Biopsies for testing by The Victorian Neuromuscular Laboratory Service (VNLS)), Neurocysticercosis (see >> Cysticercosis, CSF), Neuromuscular sub-exomic supercapture panel, Neutrophil Antibodies (see >> Anti Neutrophil Antibody), Neutrophil Chemotaxis (see >> Neutrophil Tests - Adelaide), Neutrophil Oxidative Burst and Phagocytosis, Neutrophil Oxidative Metabolism (see >> Neutrophil Oxidative Burst and Phagocytosis), NFT (see >> Neutrophil Oxidative Burst and Phagocytosis), NMDA Receptor Antibodies (see >> Anti NMDA Receptor Antibodies), Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT/NIPA) for RhD, Noradrenaline (see >> Urine Biogenic Amines (24hr)), Norovirus Nucleic Acid Detection - faeces, Novel Coronavirus (seasonal) (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), NPA (see >> Nasopharyngeal Aspirate (NPA) Virology), N-telopeptides (see >> Urine N-telopeptides), OGTT (see >> Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) - PAEDIATRIC), Oligoclonal Bands - Serum (see >> Protein Electrophoresis - Serum), Oxidative Burst (Neutrophils) (see >> Neutrophil Function Test), Oxidative Phosphorylation (see >> Respiratory Chain Enzymes), Oxphos (see >> Respiratory Chain Enzymes), P1NP (see >> Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal peptide), Pan Mycobacterial Culture (see >> Mycobacterium genus or Atypical Mycobacteria or Pan Mycobacterial Culture), Panbacterial PCR (see >> 16S rRNA Gene Nucleic Acid Detection), Panfungal PCR (see >> 18S rRNA Gene Nucleic Acid Detection), PAPP-A (see >> Maternal Serum Screening - 1ST TRIMESTER), Parainfluenza - Virology (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), Paraprotein - Serum (see >> Protein Electrophoresis - Serum), Paraprotein - Urine (see >> Protein Electrophoresis, Urine), Parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP), Parechovirus Nucleic Acid Detection - CSF, Parechovirus Nucleic Acid Detection - Faeces, Paroxymal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria Screen (see >> PNH investigation by flow cytometry), PB Colony Culture (see >> JMML Colony Culture), PCV (see >> FBC (Full Blood Count, including differential)), Pemphigoid Antibodies (see >> Anti Skin Basement Membrane Ab), Pemphigus Antibodies (see >> Anti Interstitial Substance of Squamous Epithelium), percept™ Non-Invasive Prenatal Test (NIPT), Peripheral Blood CD34 (Pre harvest counts), Peritoneal Dialysis Fluid (PDF) Microscopy and Culture (see >> Culture Fluids NON CSF including Microscopy), PERT (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), PET (see >> PET - Peritoneal Equilibration Test), PETR (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), PFA (see >> Platelet Function Screening Test (PFA)), PFA 100 (see >> Platelet Function Screening Test (PFA)), PGK Level (see >> Phosphoglycerate Kinase), PGM (see >> Prothrombin Gene Mutation 20210A), Phosphoethanolamine (urine) (see >> Metabolic profile/screen- Urine), Phytanic Acid (see >> Very Long Chain Fatty Acids (VLCFA)), Placental Growth Factor (PLGF) (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), Platelet Antibodies - Investigation of Drug Induced Thrombocytopenia (see >> Platelet Antibodies - Investigation of ITP), Platelet Antibodies - Investigation of ITP, Platelet Antibodies Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia (see >> Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia Screen (NAIT, FMAIT)), Platelet Funtion Test (Aggregometry) (see >> Platelet Aggregometry), Platelets (see >> FBC (Full Blood Count, including differential)), PlGF (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), Plt (see >> FBC (Full Blood Count, including differential)), PML-RARA or RAR (Retinoic acid receptor RT-PCR) Fusion Gene, PML-RARA or RAR (Retinoic acid receptor RT-PCR) Fusion Gene(1), Pneumococcal PCR (see >> Strep pneumoniae Nucleic Acid Detection), Polyomavirus (BK/JC) - Nucleic Acid Detection, Polyomavirus BK Nucleic Acid Detection (see >> Polyomavirus (BK/JC) - Nucleic Acid Detection), Pompe Disease (see >> Tetrasaccharide - Urine (Pompe Disease)), Porphyrin Screen (includes blood urine and faeces, all are assayed for a complete result), Post HSCT Blood Group Assessment (see >> Blood Group (ABO & Rh)), Prader Willi / Angelman syndrome methylation test, Pre Eclampsia markers (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), Predictive testing for familial mutation/copy number variation in BRCA1, BRCA2, STK11, PTEN, CDH1, PALB2, TP53, Pregnanediol Urine (see >> Urine Steroid Profile), Prepare Red Cells (see >> Blood Group & Antibody Screen (Group & Hold) RCH Only), Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal peptide, Prot (see >> Protein / Total Protein (Prot)), Protein CSF (see >> Protein & Glucose, CSF), Prothrombin Genotype (see >> Prothrombin Gene Mutation 20210A), Protoporphyrin (see >> Porphyrins, Urine), Pseudocholinesterase (see >> Cholinesterase), Psittacosis serology (see >> Chlamydia psittaci serology), PTH Related Peptide (see >> Parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP)), PTHrP (see >> Parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP)), Pyridinoline Crosslinks (also known as DPD) (see >> Pyridinoline X links), Pyridoxal 5 phosphate (PLP) (see >> Vitamin B6), Pyrilinks DPD (see >> Pyridinoline X links), Pyruvate Kinase (see >> Red Cell Enzyme Screen), QhCG Blood (see >> hCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin)), QhCG Urine (see >> Quantitative hCG, Urine), Quadruple Test (see >> Maternal Serum Screening - 1ST TRIMESTER), Quantiferon M. Tuberculosis (see >> Quantiferon Gold -QF Gold in tube), Quantitative hCG Blood (see >> hCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin)), Rapid Plasma Reagin (see >> Syphilis Antibodies), RC Enzymes (see >> Respiratory Chain Enzymes), Red Cell Genotype (DNA analysis of blood group genes), Red Cell Membrane Disorder Screening Test (RCMD), Red Cell Nucleic Acid Detection Genotyping (see >> Red Cell Genotype (DNA analysis of blood group genes)), Red Cell Phenotype (see >> Blood Group & Antibody Screen (Group & Hold) RCH Only), Reproductive Genetic Carrier Screening (For CF, FXS, SMA), Respiratory Burst (Neutrophils) (see >> Neutrophil Function Test), Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) - Virology (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Serology, Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV), Retroviral Disease viral load (see >> HIV Viral Load), Retroviral Disease viral load (see >> HIV Ultra Sensitive Viral Load), Rh Blood group genotype (see >> Red Cell Genotype (DNA analysis of blood group genes)), Ricof (see >> Von Willebrands Disease (VWD) Screen (includes vWF antigen, Collagen Binding Assay (CBA) & Ristocetin Cofactor (RiCoF))), Ristocetin Cofactor (see >> Von Willebrands Disease (VWD) Screen (includes vWF antigen, Collagen Binding Assay (CBA) & Ristocetin Cofactor (RiCoF))), Ritonavir (see >> Lopinavir (LOP) - Kaletra), Roseola infantum (see >> Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6) Serology), Rubeola (see >> Measles Antibodies IgG & IgM), Saccharomyces cerevisiae Antibodies (see >> ASCA - Anti Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies), SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Nucleic Acid Detection, SARS-CoV-2 Nucleic Acid Detection (Rapid), SBR (see >> Serum Bilirubin - unconjugated & conjugated (SBR)), sCD25 or IL2R soluble (see >> Soluble CD25 (Soluble IL-2 Receptor)), Separated Lymphocyte Proliferation - anti-CD3, Separated Lymphocyte Stimulation - Candida, Separated Lymphocyte Stimulation - Tetanus, Serum Bilirubin - unconjugated & conjugated (SBR), Serum Oligoclonal Bands (see >> Protein Electrophoresis - Serum), Serum Protein Electrophoresis (see >> Protein Electrophoresis - Serum), sFlt-1 (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), sFlt-1/PlGF ratio (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), SHBG (see >> Sex Hormone Binding Globulin), Sickle Cell Test (see >> Thalassaemia/Haemoglobinopathy Screen), SLA - Soluble Liver Antigen (antibodies to) (see >> Anti SLA (Soluble Liver Antigen)), SLAM Associated Protein (SAP) Expression (see >> SAP), SLC2A1 Gene Test (Glucose Transporter Deficiency, SMA - See either Smooth Muscle Antibody or Spinal Muscular Atrophy, SNP Microarray (see >> Microarray (Molecular Karyotype)), Soluble fms-like tyrosine like 1 (sFlt-1) (see >> Pre Eclampsia Ratio test (PERT)), Specific Gravity (see >> Urine Specific Gravity), Spinal Muscular Atrophy Gene Testing (Deletion Testing), Spinal Muscular Atrophy SMN1 Gene Copy Number Analysis, Spinal Muscular Atrophy SMN2 Gene Copy Number Analysis, Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA) 1,2,3,6,7 triplet repeat testing, Split Bil (see >> Serum Bilirubin - unconjugated & conjugated (SBR)), Split bilirubin (see >> Serum Bilirubin - unconjugated & conjugated (SBR)), Spontaneous Colony Proliferation (see >> JMML Colony Culture), STFR (see >> Soluble Transferrin Receptors), Strep pneumoniae (see >> Pneumococcal Antibodies), Streptococcal Serology (see >> ASOT or ASO), Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) screen (see >> Antenatal Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) Screen), Subdural Fluid / Tap - Microscopy & Culture (M/C/S) (see >> Culture CSF including microscopy), Sudden death next generation sequencing (NGS) panel, Sugars Faeces (see >> Reducing Substances, Faeces), Swine flu (see >> Respiratory Virus Nucleic Acid Detection (Flu A, B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3; Human metapneumovirus; RSV)), Syphilis EIA (see >> Syphilis Antibodies), Syphilis PCR (see >> Treponema Pallidum (Syphilis) PCR), T Cell Function (see >> Lymphocyte Function Tests), T Cell Markers / Subsets (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), T Cell Monitoring (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), T Cell V Beta repertoire (see >> V Beta Repertoire (for T Cells)), T Cells Naive (see >> Lymphocyte Subsets - Immunology Includes CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, NK, High Sens B Cells, HLADR & Naive T), T.B. 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