The division's three infantry regiments were inactivated and their elements reorganized into five infantry battle groups. This is the same patch that is supplied to the U.S. Army, Army National Guard, Army Reserve units, and sold in the Army Post Exchanges. "The Year of 1945 Liberation," Washington, D.C., 1945, pp. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. Inactivated 3 January 1947 at Minneapolis. However, two men survived, buried under a shield of dead bodies, protecting them from the gunfire and flames. 69–70, Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report (Statistical and Accounting Branch Office of the Adjutant General, 1 June 1953), United States Army Center of Military History, "The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950", https://history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/div/102td03bde.htm, https://history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/div/102td02bde.htm, http://www.usar.army.mil/Commands/Training/80th-TNG-CMD/102nd-TD-MS/, With the 102d Infantry Division through Germany, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=102nd_Infantry_Division_(United_States)&oldid=979245343, Infantry divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1921, 1946 disestablishments in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Army Center of Military History, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 102d Infantry Division Artillery, 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized), Headquarters, Special Troops, 102nd Infantry Division, Headquarters Company, 102nd Infantry Division, 102nd Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, 20 December 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to the, 1 April 1945: XIII Corps (for administration), Ninth Army, but attached for operations to the. Three Brigade Headquarters were activated and Infantry units were reorganized into battalions: Two additional Battle Groups were also formed: The division and subordinate elements were inactivated on 31 December 1965. David was assigned to guard prisoners during the Trial of Major German War Criminals. After a period of aggressive patrolling along the Roer, 4–19 December, the division took over the XIII Corps sector from the Wurm River, north of the village of Wurm, to Barmen on the south, and trained for river crossing. Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. This patch would be a great gift idea and a wonderful addition to your patch collection. David and others of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. Inactivated 31 December 1965 at St. Louis, Missouri. Later, when the 102d Army Reserve Command was formed as a regional headquarters for Army Reserve units within the same general area where the 102d Infantry Division had been located, the shoulder sleeve insignia was authorized for wear by units of the 102d ARCOM, such as the military police unit stationed at Richards Gebaur AFB near Belton, Missouri; however, the lineage of the division was not perpetuated by the ARCOM, as it is against Department of the Army policy for the lineage of TO&E units, such as divisions, to be perpetuated by TDA units, such as ARCOMs. Shoulder sleeve badge, 102nd Infantry Division, known as the Ozarks Division, worn by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service as a soldier in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. By the end of the war in May, he was a mortar crew chief for Company A, 26th Infantry Regiment. When the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, it needed to federalize the state National Guard units to quickly build up an Army. David deployed in February 1945 joining the 102nd Infantry in combat in Germany. This page was last updated: 05-Aug 01:04. The 102nd Infantry Division ("Ozark"[1]) was a unit of the United States Army in World War II. Reorganized and redesignated as the 3d Battalion, 9th Infantry on 1 April 1963, and inactivated at Quincy on 31 December 1965. By the end of the war in May, David was a mortar crew chief for Company A, 26th Infantry Regiment. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. The designated mobilization and training station for the division was Fort Riley, KS. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. Assigned 22 October 1946 to the Fifth Army. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. Get the best deals for 2nd infantry division patch at eBay.com. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. Set of 3 lapel pins with the insignia of the 405th Infantry Regiment, US Army, acquired by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. Regimental designation is used only in historical tradition. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. These additional online resources from the U.S. BTW-The "27th Infantry Wolfhounds" patch is for the 27th Infantry Regiment (part of the 25th Infantry Division), not the 27th Infantry Division. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. David was assigned to guard prisoners during the Trial of Major German War Criminals. Activated 3 January 1947 with headquarters at Kansas City, Missouri. Ct's 102nd Infantry Regiment in WWI By the end of the war in May, David was a mortar crew chief for Company A, 26th Infantry Regiment. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. Hitlerjugend [Hitler Youth] membership pin acquired by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. 102nd Infantry Division Subdued Direct Embroidered Ball Cap 173rd Airborne Brigade 'Sky Soldiers' with Patch Ball Cap 187th Infantry Division 'Rakkasans' with Patch Ball Cap Set of 3 pins with the insignia of the 26th Infantry Regiment, US Army, acquired by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service in the US Army in Germany from 1945 to 1946. Activated 24 January 1947 with headquarters at St. Louis, Missouri. On 15 April the division discovered a war crime in Gardelegen. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. Young women received a commemorative brooch upon the completion of their service period. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. He was the second of seven children born to Mary C. and William J. Porter. Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Inactivated 31 May 1959 at St. Louis, concurrently, Headquarters and Headquarters Company consolidated with Headquarters and Headquarters Company Headquarters. The 102d Infantry Division arrived at Cherbourg, France, 23 September 1944, and, after a short period of training near Valognes, moved to the German-Netherlands border. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. Its current primary mission is the pre-emptive defense of South Korea in the event of an invasion from North Korea. Inactivated 31 May 1959 at East St. Louis, concurrently, Headquarters and Headquarters Company consolidated with Headquarters and Headquarters Company Headquarters. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Inactivated 1 June 1946 at Bayreuth, Germany. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. As of 2017 the following units are subordinated to the division: This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950"..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}, 102nd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia, Assignments in the European Theater of Operations, U.S. The Holocaust Encyclopedia provides an overview of the Holocaust using text, photographs, maps, artifacts, and personal histories. [2] The HQ remained there until activated for World War II. The subordinate infantry regiments of the division held their summer training primarily with the 17th Infantry Regiment at Fort Leavenworth. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. Staff members are working remotely to answer reference requests to the extent feasible. We have a great online selection at the lowest prices with Fast & Free shipping on many items! US Army 102nd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve patch with OZ worn by a soldier, US Army 102nd Infantry Division arched Ozark's patch worn by a soldier, Pair of blue and silver collar tabs for a Luftwaffe Hauptmann [Captain] acquired by a US soldier, US Army 102nd Infantry Division enameled lapel pin with OZ worn by a soldier, Women’s Reich Labor Service commemorative pin acquired by a US soldier, Pressed tin cap badge of a Reichsadler acquired by a US soldier, Hitlerjugend [Hitler Youth] enamel membership pin acquired by a US soldier, World War II Victory Medal with ribbon and box awarded to a US soldier, Set of US Army 18th Infantry Regiment lapel pins acquired by a US soldier, Set of US Army 405th Infantry Regiment lapel pins acquired by a US soldier, Set of US Army 26th Infantry Regiment lapel pins acquired by US soldier, Set of US Army issue dog tags worn by a soldier in the 102nd Infantry Division, Plastic cigarette case with the 102nd Infantry insignia and Bavaria used by a US soldier. War crime trials--Europe--History--20th century. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 Get This Patch Free WW 2 102nd Infantry Division Patch Inv# B869. There's only 2 left. The pins were worn in pairs, with the third a spare, on the lapels of dress uniform jackets to distinguish different regiments. David deployed in February 1945 joining the 102nd Infantry in combat in Germany. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. The tabs would have been worn in pairs on the collar points of a uniform shirt or jacket to distinguish military branch and rank. He guarded defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. David and others of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. William worked as an iron clerk, and Mary was a secretary at a construction company. On 26 October, elements attached to other divisions entered combat and on 3 November the division assumed responsibility for the sector from the Wurm to Waurichen. Active 1921–1945 Country United StatesBranch United States Army Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. The 102nd Infantry Division ("Ozark" ) was a unit of the United States Army in World War II. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. Staff Sergeant Robert Miller ASN 32942139 was born on November 10th, 1924 in Fort Plains, New York. The Battle Group was activated 1 June 1959 with headquarters at Kansas City, Missouri. Douglas MacArthur, once Chief of Staff of the 42ID, is often credited with the name. Almost gone. Shoulder sleeve badge, 102nd Infantry Division, known as the Ozarks Division, worn by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service as a soldier in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. [citation needed]. The 103rd Infantry Division was designed with ten color variations to denote branch of service. Commemorative cigarette boxes were carried by soldiers who served as guards during the International Military Tribunal proceedings. On 23 February 1945, the 102d attacked across the Roer (Operation Grenade), advanced toward Lövenich and Erkelenz, bypassed Mönchengladbach, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine. By the end of the war in May, David was a mortar crew chief for Company A, 26th Infantry Regiment. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. Holocaust Memorial Museum. The campaign medal was issued to Armed Forces members who served at least one day of honorable, active service between December 7, 1941, and December 31, 1946. Lapel pin insignia of the 102nd Infantry Division, known as the Ozarks Division, worn by 19 year old David C. Porter while a soldier in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. David deployed in February 1945 to join the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. On 1 June 1959, the division was reorganized as a Pentomic Division. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. In honor of all the brave heroes from the 102nd Infantry Division, Nickname "Ozark". Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Beginning in 1938, the Reichsarbeitsdienst provided auxiliary support to the German military. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. You've earned the right to shop tax free and enjoy FREE shipping! The HQ and staff usually trained at Fort Leavenworth, KS. Shop Army Unit Patch 102nd Infantry Division (OCP) and other name brand OCP Unit Patches Military at The Exchange. Army. David was assigned to guard prisoners during the Trial of Major German War Criminals. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. Reference questions, including those regarding access to collections, may be directed to. The 102nd Infantry Division was a German military infantry division during World War II. The papers also include a 1946 photograph book, Nurnberg, which includes signatures of tribunal defendants, prosecution and defense staff, translators, press corps (including Betsy and Walter Cronkite), and the guard staff. In 1936, membership became mandatory for all children between the ages of ten and seventeen. David was assigned to guard prisoners during the Trial of Major German War Criminals. All items are guaranteed to be 100% original, we do not sell reproductions. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. From Ft. Ord the Division embarked on ships for the South Pacific. The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Breitenfeld fell, 15 April, and the division outposted the Elbe River, 48 miles from Berlin, its advance halted on orders. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. 102nd Infantry Division Ozark Division Back to all Infantry Divisions The 102nd Infantry Division served for 173 days in Combat in the European African Middle Eastern Theater; during this time they served in the campaigns of RHINELAND, and CENTRAL EUROPE. Marbled offwhite plastic cigarette case, with the embossed insignia of the 102nd Infantry Division and Bavaria 1945, used by 19 year old David C. Porter to hold his dog tags during his service in the US Army in Germany from 1945 to 1946. The 2nd Infantry Division ("Indianhead";[1] "2ID," "2nd ID", or "Second D") is a formation of the United States Army. His parents were both born in Pennsylvania, and married in 1921. An item that has been used previously. The barn was then set afire, killing those inside. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. Activated 15 March 1948 with headquarters at St. Louis, Missouri. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. Multiple explanations for this nickname have been provided. TTY: 202.488.0406, To help reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19 (coronavirus), the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, including the Library and Archives Reading Room, is closed until further notice. After 3 days and nights of terrific enemy resistance Wilsede and Hessisch-Oldendorf fell, 12 April 1945, and the 102d pushed on to the Elbe, meeting little resistance. After digging the graves and burying the bodies, they erected a cross or a Star of David over each grave and enclosed the site with a white fence.[5]. Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. He guarded defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. Shoulder sleeve badge, 102nd Infantry Division, known as the Ozarks Division, worn by 19 year old David C. Porter while a soldier in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. 2nd Infantry Division Patch Full Color 4.9 out of 5 stars 11 $11.95 $ 11. The division was reactivated on September 16, 2008 as the 102nd Training Division; with headquarters concurrently activated at Fort Snelling, Minnesota. Reichsarbeitsdienst der weiblichen Jugend [Women’s Reich Labor Service] scarf pin acquired by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. Reorganized and redesignated as the 4th Battalion, 6th Infantry on 1 April 1963, and inactivated at St. Louis on 31 December 1965. David and other members of the 102nd were selected to serve as guards for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. The red stars depict the Orion constellation, punning on the surname of the division's World War I commander … The Museum’s Collections document the fate of Holocaust victims, survivors, rescuers, liberators, and others through artifacts, documents, photos, films, books, personal stories, and more. The division was constituted in the Organized Reserve on 24 June 1921, allotted to the Seventh Corps Area, and assigned to the XVII Corps, with Arkansas and Missouri as its home area. It is one of several National Guard units with colonial roots. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. Washington, DC 20024-2126 It became a separate regiment deploying to the Pacific. By the end of the war in May, David was a mortar crew chief for Company A, 26th Infantry Regiment. The origin of the patch goes back to the earliest day of the division’s history. WE REMEMBER. He guarded the defendants in their cells and then was assigned to stand guard in the courtroom during the proceedings. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. 102nd Infantry Division (United States) | Military Wiki | Fandom The trial lasted from November 1945 to August 1946. Set of 3 lapel pins with the insignia of the 18th Infantry Regiment, US Army, acquired by 19 year old David C. Porter during his service in the US Army in Germany from February 1945 to July 1946. David, 18, was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. The attack jumped off, 29 November, and carried the division to the river through Welz, Flossdorf, and Linnich. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. Inactivated 12 March 1946 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey. Initially assigned to Camp Blanding, Florida, the Division later trained at Camp Shelby, Mississippi and Fort Ord, California. You can't buy your own item. To learn more, click here. David was deployed in February 1945 to join troops of the 102nd Infantry Division in combat in Germany. David was promoted to Sergeant in September. Reorganized and redesignated as the 3d Battalion, 14th Infantry on 1 April 1963, and inactivated at Kansas City on 31 December 1965. They were worn from 14 September 1922 to 15 November 1942. The 103rd Infantry Division ("Cactus Division") was a unit of the United States Army which served in the U.S.Seventh Army of the 6th Army Group during World War II. David returned to the US and was honorably discharged in July 1946. There is no regimental commander, staff or headquarters. Its purpose was to seek justice for crimes against humanity, evidenced by the Holocaust, perpetrated by Nazi Germany. David C. Porter (1926-2010) was born in Abington, Pennsylvania. David was assigned to guard prisoners being prosecuted during the Trial of Major German War Criminals for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit these crimes. It served on the Eastern Front , fighting in the Rzhev salient and the Battle of Kursk . EAST LYME, Conn. – Nearly 600 members of the Connecticut Army National Guard’s 1-102nd Infantry Regiment traded in the 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team unit patch for the historic crossed swords of the 10th Mountain Division in a ceremony at Stones Ranch Military Reservation, Oct. 15. When the first soldiers arrived at the barn, the two came crawling out from under the dead and burning bodies. Verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946: twelve defendants were sentenced to death; three to life imprisonment; four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years; three were acquitted. 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